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Last year, North Dakota hunters submitted a record number of applications for moose, elk and bighorn sheep licenses.

This was a bit of a curiosity because it was the first time Game and Fish had made the application process all-electronic for moose, elk and sheep. There was some anticipation that license applications might go down a bit because no paper forms were available, but, apparently, these once-in-a-lifetime licenses are more popular than ever.

Which, of course, generally reduces the odds of drawing one in the lottery, but this year that might be offset by significantly more licenses available for elk and moose than last year.

Here's some more details for this year:

• A total of 478 elk licenses are available to hunters this fall, an increase of 70 from last year and the most since 2011.

• A record 479 moose licenses are available in 2018, an increase of 145 from last year. Most of the increase is antlerless licenses in northwestern North Dakota because of an increasing moose population in that area.

• A bighorn sheep hunting season is tentatively scheduled to open in 2019. The status of the bighorn sheep season will be determined Sept. 1, after summer population surveys are completed.

• Bighorn sheep applicants must apply for a license at the same time as moose and elk. Once total licenses are determined for each unit in late summer, the bighorn lottery will then be held, and successful applicants will be contacted to select a hunting unit.

Year in and year out, I field many calls and emails from prospective hunters about how they might improve their odds, such as applying for a cow license vs. a bull or "any" license in a particular unit.

That’s a good question, as last year for both “any elk” and “any moose” licenses, which allow harvest of either a bull or cow/calf, odds were less than one in a hundred. For cow or antlerless elk, however, the overall success rate was about 41 percent, and for cow moose, just about 21 percent.

The breakdown of number of applicants, licenses available and odds of drawing a license for each elk and moose unit and license type is available on the Game and Fish website at gf.nd.gov

The deadline for applying is March 27.

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Doug Leier is a biologist with the North Dakota Game and Fish Department.

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